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X% ' ^'

(j

ivtjT<4*

THE

LIVES

OF

THE PURITANS:

CONTAINING

\ BIOGRAPHICAL ACCOUNT OF THOSE DIVINES WHO DISTINGUISHED THEMSELVES IN THE CAUSE

OF

FROM THE REFORMATION UNDER QUEEN ELIZABETH^

TO THE ACT OF UNIFORMITY, IN 1662.

BY BENJAMIN BROOK.

IN THREE VOLUMES.

^^i#»^»^i#>»^<»>#^^^

VOL. II.

Of whom the world was not worthy. Hkbbews.

The Nonconformists have salTened what is next to death, and too maay have suffered even onto death: of whom then shall 4)ieif*4i£aths .be required? Bishop Mortom. ;!••' * /• •* *.••**•

. •,•

^ •*•" ••••

m

I

Honoon :

PRINTED FOR JAMES BLACK,

* TORK-tntBCr, COTBHT-«ABDBt.

* 1813.

«

•• ••• ••• : •«•

•• ••\ I

CONTENTS OF VOL. II.

JohuUdal 1

John GrMDiTDod S3

WiUiun Smjlb 44

Tfaomas Seltle 4B

John PcDry 48

Thomu Galakcr, len 68

ArthorWake 70

WiUlun Whilaker 19

Henc? Alvcy 8S

John Prime ST

Richard Alln ib.

Fr«aci9 JohBMD 88

William Cole 106

JohDHonand lOT

Hesrj Smith loe

ArttorDeal Ill

William Cbarke 119

JohDDairell IIT

Cbcistnpher Ooodman 183

WilliamPerklD IS9

Joiias Nicboli , IH

Tfaoma* Cartwright Ib.

Edward Phillpi 169

Mr Midglvy 163

Williun Hubbock 104

Thomas Care w 166

Georfe Coiyat 168

FraDcuTilgge 160

FerclTal Wjbora ih.

McbolaiBoaad HI

Xzckias Morley 174

JohnRainolds 176

Thomat Brightmao 168

Richard HauBKl 183

Tboma* WUcocki 165

Jobo Smyth 196

▼OL. II.

Richard ClifloD IM '

NkhoUuRoih 900

Hr. Uuicaiter SOS

Thomai Peacock ib.

Gabriel Powei SH

Thomai Holland *19

Hugh Bronghlon SIS

Wilham Burton SW

Richard Rt^icn !>■

RandalBata 8M

DanlelDjke !3S

Robert Parker BST

Richard OaiTtoa S4I

BcoryAlray M7

Georce TTIlhen 248

Franci) Bonne; SSO

EdDiundBuDDey ......... S5S

Huiebiui Pagel SS9

TfaoDUuStOM SSS

Pan! Bftjaa Ml

Vniiiani Bradihaw 864

Hr. Jenklo STD

SiLmucI Hteron 870

GeorgeGiffoid 87S "

JeremlabDvke S79

Tliomai Hdwhie ib,

Tbomai Wilwii SSS

AndrewWiUet 884

Stephen Bfcrtan 889

Thomas Paget. . . .' 891

Hr.Knighi !9»

jDhnRandall CM

Nicholai Byfieid S»T

Heniy Aintwerth 990

William Femble SOt

John Sprint 306

6

.* '

\':'-

V--

•'• r

» *

CONTENTS OF VOL. 11.

JskdUdal 1

lokn Greenwood ......... 83

WOliamSmjIh it

nomuSeltle 48

John Peor; A8

Thomu GkrakcT, )eD 68

AiUmr Wake TO

WiUiuD Wbiiaker 78

VtMzj Ahej 85

JahnPrine 8T

UckardAUen ib.

flucia Jobaion 89

mUiaaColc 106

JthaBdUnd lOT

HarjSinltk 108

ArikuDent Ill

William Charkc 113

JobDDarrell 117

Cbriilnphei Goodman 183

ffilliam PerkiD 1S8

Joiiai Nkbols 136

TtMui Cartwrisbl lb,

Elaard Pbillpi 1 69

Ui.UUgtej 163

William flobbock 164

TkoBuCarcw 166

Gta^ Corjal 168

Fnneia Trigte 160

PeriiTnl Wjbarn ib.

Nicboiai Bound Ill

Ezekiai Haric; 1 74

Juba KaiDoliiiL 116

Tboma* BrighbnaD 188

Rictaard Hauowl 1 83

namni Wilcocki 18fi

JoboSmjlb 195

TOL. II.

Richard Cltnon IM '

Niebolai Ruk KO

Hr. I^neaiter 80ft

Tbomai Peacock lb.

GabrielPowel 811

■niaiiiai HoilaiH] 813

Hugh Broagh Ian 81K

ffUliam Barton 830

Richard Riqien 881

Randal Bain 834

Daniel Dyk 83ft

RoberlPaiker BST

Richafd GantoB «■

Henry Aira; 9*1

GeoTge WItben **8

Franc U Bnnaey **"

Edmund Bunncy

Jiusebiu. Pagel BSS

TboBiu stone SSS

Fanl BajnM Ml

William Bradabaw 88*

Hr. JcDkln tETO

Samnel Hleron fflO

George Gi Hind S73

JercDiiah Dyke 8T9

Tbomat Helwlue ib.

Thomai WilMD 888

Andrew Willet 881

Stephen Egerton 889

Tbomas IVgel 891

Mr.Knighl S95

John Randall SBS

Nichola* ByBeld B9T

Henry Aimworth 899

William Pemble 304

John Sprint 30S

Juhn<

3frt

JabD Knewtiub SDH

Jlidwrd Ct*ckeniharj> .... 319

WaliBr TrpiYin 314

ttnry Jucub 3W

Jobn Itobintun 3M

Rleburd HIack M4

Aalhuny WottDD 34S

tlif bard Ibilbwcl) M9

Jnbn I'mloii 398

J*b Thrnimurton 361

IWopbllnt Bradbvurn .... 3M

\CiUlBm Hinde S«t

WlltianPinke 369

SabMllan Bcarfirld lb.

Robcrlfirawn 866

Pnuwi* iiiniMon- < am

nobrrlTllEolU S7S

Jalu Warbam 976

ArlJiDr llildrrihon lb.

Tbomai INII 388

Kobfrl Rollou SBO

ClIlciThnrn MB

TfcawK Beard 399

TbonlfTajlor an

wllllaB Ann 405

Joha CarUT 40Q

Jl>|h Clark 4lt

JohnllaydcB 4J&

Rickard Slbbi 41s

Jobo Avrry 410

Juhn Itugcn 4il

JobD Msfcrlck tSS

Hear) Uelltbrand 4S4

raSR

ll«nry Raaiidtn .' 42T

Kubcri Cutlln 4U

Jwrpb Motft

JMlmAVorkraul. 4St

William WbaUkr 4SS

JobuBall MO

n<.™.llrr«r 4M

l^wrrnrr Chadderlon MB

JobuRodd iM

M'lliljm I'Vrincr Ul

HamMel Ward 4SS

llrory Arcber 49f

KwBDcl Ihwc 460

Htepben Mote 4U

Rlcluud Baruirri 4M

JoDBihu Bnrr 4W

Jobo EaUD 4M

John Howe Ml

Mr. Wrath 4W

WllUuni Wralbband 410

Tobiai Criip 471

Alfunder l.e>KhtDn ...... 410

Juba Hrdgwkk 4SS

Kicbucd Hcd^xJck 4W

JulloM Herring 4W

(terip Fbllipi 4B1

CDllbulrTlowtilng 405

Jnhn DoHnliani 4H

Tbomaifoilc} 40T

lAwrcDreSntlllaic 4M

Cktitft IlnBlley SOI

Mr UifU dOS

llriiry UnMrr Mil

Lawreoee ClarbMW ,. 5Uk

CONTENTS OP THE NOTES,

'IVcbanKlerot ArebbkhopWblltin

Tbc eaaalnallaB or HcHji Barrav

Barrow^ prlUlM to the AilarD«y-(irMt«l

AfBnhcrchwMlwafArebblitepWbliiin

k»p Hall's acctuMion «f Fraocii Jobiuon •■■^•i Ji4Hiri««aad AiuworthUn BnwalM '•■.. .,^.

AtMMtaf tiang-neek ».<«

Ihjlia' ii[ iif rhilfiiliiM M«.

nntdM made KUuip for afpoiiag tta pMilM* ••* Tte coHrgiam ca*t alF their larplica »•••••..■..■

nticiflTefaled Caitirtighl'i mtwiim i,.^. ...*..

ftiftop UaddoE ciBum Cartwrigbl ••..•........

Irikrd^ i^mion of Wbiigifi'i wrilJDgi ....•«..>.

WtagiA'i (real incopiialcDcy . ......i>*« •■••••*'

4Kn ElialwUi ioccned aptat BMif Ajtew «. lk<karacMr of tbe Earlof W*wkk ..,*>.««. .

Bcn'tcbuacinof Caitvrisbi .^ ,

^ diiines wrow ID CortwTicU »•_.„,., VAjlnu'i&lscBcciuallaaorCuMricbl ....

biipurilaniiai ■•.*i... SiiFiancii KnaUjs a palianaf (be pnritana •.

IbrTraBibUioD of tkaBlUa ..,.».■..

laecdoie of Wake bmI Bte«p ..• ...>«:

Ih'fbarscurDflJicboluFollor,*^. ».*•*». Ik^w VoodcDck coainuKed ro NcwptB ...•« fc Petti Vttatwonb't cbancler and impriioaBe kitobtrt Harie;'i tbaruter and dcatk ...••..,

"' > Hogh Brongbtou ..,■........»>•••••.•

AnosBloritae famoot Jobn Speed .....•.«•■■■••••. l^vCoMao TemBTkabte for leadiog tta MM* ••.»•*

Ajaoliar method of teachiog Hebrew •...

ABdNe of Bishop Hoiioaand H. BrmeUH

^ckarBclerof Bbhop Ravis

' Vaughnn ..•.•.........••..•

IMip Neile JocUaed la popery

~~^ Freke a lealDDi penecator ..........■.....••■

"~~^ 8ea»ble» » lealoni pmecniar ...............

ThraMcialHUMortbepaTitaiii

A little black edpBgaflko(i>e la Bancroft

Bah^ Baion'i defence of Ike charch

—— WartwrtM't »btud opinion of penccvtiM ....

» af BUbop Nortn «gS

Kootsfonl chapel iiupeDdcd ,., lb.

Accaaot of the famous Poraui S9S

Tbomai Fotficid S»T

Dr Thomas Sparke 384

William Brenster S4I

Sir Anthon; Cope 344

Arehbiitop BBOcrofi 34*

' Or. fiicbard Uoabpie 348

L*dj BowM a feneroiii Triiad to (be paritaw ,..,. S5I

AccoDot of Lord Brook 353

"' Bisbnp Andrews 366

Anecdote of (he Duke of Backingham S5T

AccoDDl of the Dulie of Backiagbam SB9

Biihep Wiilianu .' 310

Theiip|;eaiidplDDder ofLeicuiler 373

EailafHunliiiEdDn'BleUerloJIildenliam 380

Tbecni^UeDtenceagaiDstVigblaDsndHoit 3S3

Tbechanuter of Sir AugUilin NichoU 391

AaecdolcaraBiihapaBd W. Amet 40S

AccDDDt of Biihup Wren 410

Archbishop TIarinet 41S

"The cauit of Mr. Baxter's «0D>er9itiii 4S0

Accoant of Lawrence Faltciongh 4!l

Sir Henry Savlla 4S4

Alnunacki burnt by the paplits 4S5

The Fhanicter of Archbiahop Laud 436

JobDHuoiacoufessDriQQueenHaiytraign 4ST

King CharWs recommcndaiion 444

AccouUarUr Waller Uildmay 44a

Bilmne battery of KlngJamei 447

Account of Bishop J e(;on 440

Anecdoleof S, Fairclough's coDVeTiloD ........... ........ 45S

A mistake of Dr. Doddridge reciieed 4t5

Lr?ingstnnBndAndr.rfunpro«ecnled 48B

Archblshcip Laudaboldamertion 500

The characterofArclihishop Abbot 509

Theodore Hwk projected (beRayal Society 004

THS

LIVES OF THE PURITANS.

John Udal. This celebrated puritan was educalei in tbe uniyenitj of Cambridge, andwas a man of excdknt parts, great learning, Pennine pietj, and vntatnidiei lojalty to Queen Elizabeth, but a great sufferer oa account of his nonconformity. He was prdacher abouit si^en years, at Kingston-upon^Thames ; but aflenriudB dcprireA^ imprisoned, and condemned; and, at lafit, he died^pute heart-broken in prison. Some of his faeaiera at Kin^ston^ taking ofieoce at his faithfid ivamings and admonitionfl^ j^xnight complaints against him to those in power, whm he was put to silence by the official. Dr. Hone, and commttfarf to prison. But by ikk unaoficited' fayotv and influence of the Countess of Warwick, Sir Drue Dniry, aild dther excellent perscms, he was lekawd, and mtorcd to ius ministry.

September 96, 1586, he was conyened befbre the Bish(q[> of Winchester, and the Dean of Windsor, wfaed thejr entered upon the following conversation :

Bishop. Mr. Udal, you are beholden to my bdy oif Warwick. She hath been earnest for you, and tdleth me^ that you will submityourself.

Udal. I thank Grod for her ladydiip's care. I watt contented, and alwajrs have been, to submit taany thing that is just and godly.

B. W hat you wUl do, I know not Hitherto you have not done it ; for you refiued to swear according to law.

U. By your honour's ferour, I never refused to swear, 89 &r as the law doth bind me.

B. No i Wherefore then were you committed ?

U. You know best. I was contents to swear, if I might ftret see the articles.

B. Th^tiiaakndei foondatipfttoatandupttD.

VpL. If. &

2 LIVES OF THE PURITANS.

U. It is to me a matter of great importance^ For with what conscience can I call the Lord to witness, and protest by his name, that I will answer I know not what ?

Dean. Mr. Udal, the thiogs objected i^inst you, I dare say, are against your doctrme^ or your fife, which are no secrets.

B. Nay, they charge nothing against his life, but his doctrine only.

U. The greater is the mercy of God towards me. For I have given the greater offence by my life ; but it hath pleased him so to keep my sins from their sight, that I might suffer for his sake. Your restraining me from my ministry, makes the world believej that the slanders raised against me are true; the ignorant call in quc^ion the jgospel which I have preached ; and thus a door is widely opened for every wicked man to contemn the doctrine of our Saviour.

' Here the bishop laid all the blame on Mr. Udal, aiid discovered so haid a heart against the suffering church of ^God, that Mr. Udal burst into a flood of tears, and was ^nstndned to turn aside, to weeip for the space of half an Jiour. Upon his* Wtum, he was addressed as follows :

.B. Will you answer the articles charged against you, that thesethings may be redressed ?

U. If I may first see them, I shall be satisfied. .

B. Mr. Hartwell, write to the roister to let him see them ; then go with him to some of the commissioners to swear him.

U. This will be a long course. ' I pray you, that, in the mean time, I may continue my ministry, for the good of the poor people.

' B. That you may not Now that you are suspended, you must so abide, until you be clearecL -

U. Then whatsoever becomes of me, I beseech you, let flie poor people have a preacher.

B. That is a good motion, and I will look after it.

Mr. Udal then receiving tb^ letter, departed ; and the articles being shewn him, he was takesr to Dr. Hammond to be sworn, who said, " You must swear to answer these articles, so far as the law bindeth you." " Do you mean," said Mr. Udal, << that I shall answer them, so &.r as it appeareth to ine, that I am by law required ?" And finding that he might, he took the oatiii,* and ddivered to the register his answers to all the articles in writing. These articles, with the alisn/^rs, are ndw be£tee me, and are

UDAL- 9

thirty-six iti number ; but too long for insertion.* They cdiitain the charges ^hich certain ill-disposed persons, in the parish of Kingston, brought against him to the hi^h commission. His answers, indeed, furnished the commis- sioners with sufficient matter for animadversion, when he underwent his next examination. October 17th he was convened before the high commission, at Lambeth ; whea Archbishop Wliitgift, the Bishops of Winchester and Hereford, Dr. Aubery, Dr. Lewin, Dr. Cosin, Mr. Hartwell, and others, were present. Upon the reading of the articles and his answers, they made their remarks as follows : . Archbishop: You are not to judge, Mr, Udal, who ymlk disorderly ; nor account any so to do, till it be proved. . U. How shall I count him to do otherwise, who ^ivetfa himself up to notorious sins ; and after being admomshed^ not only amendeth not, but goeth on more stubborn than before ?

B. You must do more than that.

U. You mean, we must present them ; and so we have done several ; but presentment is of no use. -

A. You must expect what will follow, and not appmnt your own time./

U. We may do this long enough before we see any redress, so long as things are managed thus. I have seen malefactors presented two or three years ago, but of whose trials we have heard nothing.

A. You say, Christ is the only archbishop. Why do you not caU him arch-pastor and arch-shcphnd ?

U. As I am at liberty to call the ministers of Christ bj those titles given them by the Holy Ghost, as pastors, shepherds, and watchmen ; so, I think, I may Jesus Christ.

A. No, no; the archbishop was in your way, and it troubled you to think of ham. - But there will be an archlnshqp when you shall be no preacher at Kingston.

B. The rest of that artide is sophistical, on like Apollo the oracle.

U. Perhaps I have taken some advantage of the words, and not answered acoxding to the meaning thereof as the law lequiinelli.

A. Those eldcEs of which you q^eak, were bisbopi^ and not any other.

. U. in 1 C». xiL tpwamon are mfirfionfrf as ditittoct fiom teachers.

« MSu Kcfirt^^ ffu ni-^7lu

4 LIVES OF Ttl£ I^URITANS.

I

A. That is meant of civil gort^rnors, and not of a oompany of unlearned, simple men, as you would hayie it.

U. The apostle there speaketh of those who were ordained in the church. But it is of no use to dispute these matieni in this place.

A. Wiken you say, that pastors may di3 ta^nng by thdr efwn discretion, but only by the direction 6f the word 6f God, y<m say true; hvit in this, you strike at something cis6.

B. Many things are lawful^ and mhy be doiie^ that h&ye no direct warrant from the itotd.

U. If that can be proTed^ it is sufficieiM, and agte^abte to no\y answer.

B. What occasion h&d jrou tb sp«aK of imch datteM a^ •fficerilL orders, canons, &;C. t

U. I have not choteft those subje6ts oii ptii'pos^, and have spoken upon them only as they qame in my way; This I mu^ do, or I could not dechtre All the council of God. . Dr. Cpsin* That you will neVer do vMle you lire.

U. But I must ddivet as much as I know.

A. It is becaui^ you would rail agfunst aiitfabrif^.

B. Why do you wbh that the pfiBlie sertice were IdMdged? It may all be read in three quarters of an Botir.

U. But I have known it, with other business io be dont before sermon, to last about two hours.

A. They who are wearied iritii it, are your scholaiti, Wh6 iilm km,f inih noticing but your setmonil.

U. my schdars never keep out till ibe sermon begins ; but if any ckf them be weary of the senice, I nerer taught thein so to be.

A. All the service might be i^ead well enbtigh ; but yaa will ist^nd in your rain r^titions, both in your ptayerii Hnd your sermons, and niake no account of so doing.

U. I pray you have a better opinion of me, unless yod know that wlmt you say is true.

A. Nay, I speak not of you alone, bUt all of yout sort : this iar your manner. Why should you preachy thai soml^ )[^rs(in6 make but small acCoiint of setmbh^ If

. U. Because I know it to be true.

B. Though petscms may have been bf tHat mind^ they may be altered.

A. When you spoke of Christ's descent into hell, that which you said is most afisurd.

, B. The ptooes i|i Pettr and Aeti^ aie monstroudvaboied oj Calvin and others, -who hcid tliat c^i^on^ For w)iQ ever knew sepulchre mean hell ?

U. The original word there used, is qRcxl taken for grav^, though |t alfp ipeans lieU ?

IfaitweU*, Shew me pne place^ if jou can.

U. That I can easily do ; for as often as the Hebrew f" ord in the 014 Tf^ftameni^ meaneUi grave, so does also the Qreek.

H. How can that be ? The Old Testament was writteii in Hebrew, and not in Groek*

IJ. Do you not know that thf Septuagint is in Gseek, in which you will find what I say is true t

A. How can tb§ foul go into t)ie grave ? What an absurd thfnff is that I

.. U. The H<^Eew vnpi^ usui^y ^^piifieth the whole mail f as Gren. :<lvi. it is odd, ^^ Tkeife went seventy souls, that m^ twenty persom, into E|gypt*^

A. Do you then believe ijat QM^ both «oul and body^ w&kt into the grave ?

U. No. But it is, alsQp often taken for the body ; and jvhen^sver it is thufs tsdiea, it is so translated in the Sep* iuagint : as Lam. i. 19.

H. 1 wish I bad a book, that I might see it.

A. The human soul of Christ after his dsalh^ descended ji^to th(9 place of the damned/ and whosoever bolkveth not this, but denieth it, is an heretic.

^ U. The church ff EngUmd is taught, and also believeth, fliat which you acco«9t haopi^.

A. Nq rmi^t for tbat. We ceoeive ngtbing for the ^tiine of the ^iMircb of i^figlfmd, bft Ib^t iHiich is authorized by act of parliament.

U. Then your doctrine i9 not the doctrine of the ciiurch. ffxim§ §f ber airtickpt saHjb <Hily, that Christ descended o iBtp bell, witbput Qxi^rseMiflg }iow. J '

A. You speak of unprea^biMi^ ministetos being fcMsted if by satan, that vou may disgrace authprity.

, 9. If a.miaiirt^r be learned, yet bath no utterance, will iron di^ftUov him as wfit ?

V.' Yen, Ab4 J nHiJili Ufomi^ tba word i^ God dis* alloweth him.

B. Whaprp, I |^y gm^ *b*k I vmy know it ?

U. In 1 Tim. iii. 2., 2 Tim. ii. 24. He must be op/ <# Uacb^ which imiftieOk moi f»fy iakmkdge, ha> uHerancef

I

LITES OF THE FURITANS.

B. Yaa mwA wbUithf mm mmnB^ ilkthm.

U. I Uiiiik I bnre dcued mjwdf bjr ny wm

B. Nay, fay your Une, jma faaic wiL Yi acciueyoa.

U. THen dupatdi me aeomdiBgiy. II ii and buideoMMiie to aitcod so aAcs frooi day to day.

A. My lord of Wiacha^ •ppo^ kn ^ ^«l*»d on Friday oome wcweom^sL

B. I am content Come in tfe aftenooa.

Mr. Udal then departed, intendii^ to ffaa aoeofding la ajqpointment. In the oMan time, tlie Coualoi of War- wick wrote a pressing letter to tlie bishop, in hia behaK Upon hiff appeanoice, afier long attendanoe, he wna called

bdfdre the biriiop, who tlras addressed Um : B. The aiticleshroagfat against yo«, are not to be ptofod)

§K the witnesses fear the displeasure of yoor unineiow ftiends, wUdi is a veiy hard care.

U. It is haid, if it be trar. Bat there if aa ascb ftar^ only they are nnaUe to prove more than I have abcady. oonfisssed*

B. Yon hare, indeed, oonfinsedsofficient^unst yourself.

U. Let ii then apjpear. F<» I most jnstify all that I haye confessed, nntil it be refilled; and when it is refuted, I shall be willing to recant, in the same ptaoe in which it was spoken.

B. I will not deal with you in that way. Bnt for the

sake of yonr friends, and other causes, I am willing to restore you to your preaching, if you wiU assnre mo under your own nttud, that yon will speak no ukho against any thing by authority estabUshed.

U. I will promise you to preach nothing but the word of Ood.

B; The word of God, as you tune pleased to call it i

U. If I be unable to understand what is, and what is not, the word of God, I am unfit to be a preacher, and so you may finally dismiss me. It were abetter for me to be a {dbughman, than a preacher, imder any oflier conditions.

B. Then I may not admit you. This would help td incrpase oontroyersies.

U. I will promise you to promote the peace of the church, all that I can. More I cannot do.

B. Wall, 1 wm 8(«k advice about it Ip the mean time you may depart.

; Ifr. Udal, Imimg ^epvted, commimkated an •ocomt ^ these transacftipo* to bip frienck^ and the Cioiuifcn of Warwick seat a messenger tp the bishop for a deckuira answer. Therefore, by l^r jodlj and zealoas importonitji bis lordship sent for A(r. Udal, when he thus addiesiea kim:

B. I am to restore yoa, Mr. Udal, to yoor former place of preaching; yet I must admonish you to reftain finom speaking against things by law established. For, sorely, if you give occasion to be again deprived, no subjad in £nffland shall obtain your restoration.

U. Surely, I have not at any time^ purposely said any thing tending thereunto. But I may never conceal the trutb which my text otkietix me.

B. We had need walk warily. Things are out of square. There is much inquiry where is the cause. Some blame us Wshc^ ; but God knoweth where the blame ia. I think it is in the controversy among ourselves.

U. So do I. Butinwhomisthecauseofthecontnnrersy, I shall not now dispute. I came for another purpose.

B. Take heed you do not triumph over your enemiesL This will create greater variance and dissention.

U. If I should be restored, I am determined to pass it over in nknce, and leave my enemies to their maker and judge. I must suffer greater things than these for Christ*! sake.

B. Well, this is all I have to say to you at this time.

Mr. Udal then departed, having obtained his libertv to ccmtinue preaching; for which he blessed and praised God, and prayed that these troubles mi^ht be over-ruled for the advancement of God^s glory, and Ine further prosperity of his church,*

Thus, after much trouble and expense^ with the loss of much tune^ this learned and excellent divine was restored to his mimstry. About the same time, he united with ln| bfethren in subscribiag the '' Book oi Discipline."f His troal4e9, however, were not ended. In the year 1588^ he was again suspended and deprived al his living. Having received the ecclesiastical censure a second time, the inha- bitants, of Newcastle-upon-Tyne prevailed upon the Earl of Huntingdon, k^d president of the north, to smd him to preach the word of life among them. Therefore, being driven from his living add his flock at Kingston^ he went

MS. Refiner, p. 779-781. f Neal*t Puritam, v»l. i. p. 4M.

W LIVES OF THE PURITANS.

to Newcastle, where his ministerial labours, during hit continuance, were greatly blessed to many souls. But Mr. Udal- had not been there above a ^ear, (the plague being in the town all the time, which carried off two thrasand of its inhabitants,) when, by an order from the privy council, he was sent for to London. He immediately obeyed the summons, and appeared at Lord Cobham's house, January 13, ISS9, The conunissioners present were Lord CoUham, Lord Buckhurst, Lord Chief Justice Anderson, the Bishop of Aocliester, Dr. Aubery, Dr. Lewin, Mr. Fortesque, and Egerton the solicitor, llie lord chief justice then entered upon his examination in the following manner :

Anderson. How long have you been at Newcastle ?

Udal. About a year, if it please your lordship.

A. Why went you from Kingston-upon-Thames ?

U. Because I was silenced Uiere, and was called to Newcastle.

Bishop. What calling had you thither ?

U. The people made means to my lord of Huntingdon^ who sent me thither.

B. Had you the allowance of the bishop of the diocese I U, At that time, there was none.

A.. You are called hither to answer concerning certain books, which are tiiought to be of your making.

U. If it be for any of Martin s books, I have already answered, and am ready so to do again.

A. Where have you answered, and in what manner ?

U. At L?imbeth, a year and a half ago, I cleared myself not to be the author, nor to know who ne was.

A. Is this true, Mr. Beadle ?

Beadle. I have heard that there was such a thing, but I was not there, if it please your lordship.

Aubery and LewLn. 'There was such a thing, my lord's grace told us.

U. I am the hardlier dealt with, to be fetched up so far, at this time ot the year. I have had a journey, I would not wish unto my enemy.

B. You may thank your own dealing for it.

A. But you are to answer concerning dher books.

U. I hope your lordship will not urge me to any others, seeing I was sent for about those.

A. You most answer to others also : What say you of ^ A Demonstration" and << A DiaiiogQt ?" did you not makethem?

UDAL; 11

v. I cannot answer*

A. Why would you clear yourself of M artin, and not of th^se, but that you are guilty ?

U. Not so, my lord. 1 have reascm to answer in thef one, but not in the other.

A. I pray let us hear your reason ; for I cannot conceive dfiiy seeing they are all written concerning one matter.

U. This is the matter, my lord. I hold the matter pro-

Ced in them to be aU one ; but I would not be thought to die it in that manner, which the former books do ; and ' because I think otherwise of the latter, I care not though (he? should be fathered upon me.

Buckhurst. But, I pray you tell me, know you not Penry ?

U. Yes, my lord, that I do.

Buck. And do you not know him to be Martin ?

U. No, surely, nor do I think him to be Martin. Buck. What is your reason ?

U. This, toy lord : when it first came out, he, under- standing that some gave him out to be the author, wrote a ktter to a friend in London, wherein he denied it, in such terms as declare him to be ignorant and clear in it.

Buck. Where is tliat letter ?

U. Indeed I cannot tell you. For I have forgotten to whom it was written.

Buck. You will not tell where it is.

U. Why, my lord, it tendeth to the clearing of one, and the accusation of none.

Buck. Canyon tell where Penry is ?

U. No, stti^y, my Icnrd.

Back. When did you see him ?

U. About a quarter of a year ago.

Buck. Whete did you see him?

U. He called at my door and saluted me.

Buck. Nay, he remained belike with you.

U. No, indeed ; he neither came into my house, nor did he so much as drink with me.

Buck. How came you acquainted with him ?

U. I think at Cambridge; but I have often been in his company.

Buck. Where?

U. At various places.

A. What say you? did you make these books? or know you who made them ?

U. ^ cannot answer to that question, my lord.

IS LIVES OF THE PURITANS.

A. Yoa hnil an gmiil my you vera the autliur.

v. TlmtwilUoiri>lluw.

Cdiiliiuii. Mr. lltliil, if yew l>p not llic nutbor, my to; and ifyuu be, coiifMut it: Von amy fiiul fovoiir.

U. My loni, I tiiitik tiw. niittidr, fur luiy tliiojt I know* did wdT; aiul 1 kium he iv iiK|uiroil ndcr lo Ih; pimihiiol ; thisnififfCf I think it my duty lo biiiiliT tlic riiidinfr uf him out, wliJcli I VMiiiiot do licttcr liuiii thiia.

A. And why in>, I pmy you ?

V- BtKMUnp, ifitvury oiii; that in siiRunolMl do deny it, the KUtlior nt length inusl rieudo Ik; found out,

A. Why (hire yon not cotifrui it, if you Im; IIk! auliuir? Dare you nut Htiiiid Ut your own doiri^ ?

U. 1 pr»rnmni iKfiirr, tJuit I likrd oflhe lirMikH, and (lie mattff Iinndli-d iu th<-ni : hut wlwther I iiinilt^ tliein or n'>, I will iKit iiHRwcT. BeHiUn, if 1 were tlie uullior, 1 think tliot liy law 1 need nut wiHWcr.

A. Tliiit iittnic, il'it coiiconii^l the lou of your life.*

Furtifiqiie. 1 ftruy yiiu by what law did you jwiioh nt Newctrntle, biting forhiildtin at Kin^pilim ?

U. I kniiw no lawiifpiiiiiititfNni;iHf{ it writ the ofiidnl. Dr. Hone, who HileucuJ int;; wluwc authority reacketh not out of his own nrrlidmrmiry.

F. What wn> the i-AUfM! lor Hhidi you were nilcmx-d?

V. Kurrly J cannot U-]\, nor yet tNui|fiue.

A. Wrll, whiit Miy you of Uiohc IjuoJwI who made tbpm I and whiire wen; they |irintt:d ?

U. TIioukIi 1 «»mld Ml your Icvdnliip, yet dare I not; for the rcnjuitiH liitlore alleged.

B. I ivuy you let nu; ask you a qnoitiun or two OHiccrn- lAK vourlwoK.

IT. It M not ynt proved to be mine. Dot 1 will antwcr to any thing concornuig the matter of the book, M f«i M ( know.

B. You cnll it a DcmonitnUion. 1 pray you wlial is a Pononiliation i I bi.-lievc you know nhol it U.

U. Ifyoii lind ukknd nu- \hitt (junlioa wIm« 1 wu a \iof In Cumitt'idf^'. of B year'* »tniHlijfx, it IimI Imiu a note uf ifptoriuv:r in mr, toltare IkO) uiutMr tonmmcTyou.

KkitIuii. Mr. I'dal, I am torry llwl yoo will iwt aiuwi-r, nor lake an oatii. Tou nrtt llkn the •etuiaa'T prresf « ; wbo aay, thore b no law to fioa|fal|lMRU utjuai**

tJDAL. is

tr. Sir^ if it be a liberty by law, there is no Teaionrwfij they should not challenge it.

Buck. My lord, it is no standing with him. What sttyest thou, wilt thou take the oath ?

U. I have said as much thereuiito ^ I ckAj my lord.

Aub^ry and Lewin. It on hare taken it heretofore; and why will yon not take it now ?

U. I Was called to answer certain articles upon mine oaflt. when I freely confessed that against myself, which coura never haVe been proved ; and when my friends labodred t6 have me restored, the archbishop answered, that there was sufficient matter against me, by my own confession, why | tiionld not be restored : whereupon 1 covenanted with mine own heart, never to be mine own acciiser in that sort Again.

B. Will you take an oath ?

U. I dare not take it.

B. Then yon mu^ go to prison, and it will go hard with you. For you must remain there until you be glad to take it.

U. God's will be done. I had rather go to prison with m mod conscience, than be at liberty with an ill one,

B. Your sentence for this time is, to go close prisoner to the Ghitehouse, and you are beholden to my lords here, fliat ihey have heard you so low.

tr. I acknowledge it, and do humbly thank their hooouit for it.»

In the conclusion, Mr. Udal was sent to the Gatehons<$. Take the account in his own words. << I was carri^ to the Gatehouse by a messenger, who delivered me with a warrant to be kept close prisofier ; and not to be sufiered to have pen, ink, or paper, pr any person to speak to me. Thus I remained half a year, in all which time, my wife could not get leave to come to me, saving only that in the hearing of the keeper, she mirht speak to me, and I to her, of such things as she should think meet : although she made suit to uie commissioners, and also to the council, for more liberty. All this time, my chamber-fellows were seminary priests, traitors, and professed papists. At the ^A €^ half a year, I was removed to the White-lion in Sottfliwaik; and iQien carried to the assizes at Croydon. "f

JuFf S4tb, Mr. Udal, with fetters on his legs, was taken 4o Croydon, and indicted upon the statute of 23 £liz. cap. 3.

* State iVyaU, toI. t p. 144—146. fedU. 1719. t Peiree't Ylndicstto, put h p. in.

U LIVES OF THE PURITANS.

before Baran Olarke and Serjeant Puckering, for -wrlilng a wicked, scandalous, ahd seditious libel, entitled << A Demonstration of the Truth of that Discipline which Christ hath prescribed in his Word for the Govenunent ot bis Church, m all Times and Places, until the end of the World/' It was dedicated '^ To the supposed govemort of ihe chi^rch of England, the archbish<^, lordAiishops, archdeacons, and (he rest of that order/' In the dedication of the book, are these words, as inserted in the indictment^and upon which the charge against him was founded : '^ Who << can, without blushing, deny you (the .bishops) to be << the cause of all ungodliness : seeing your government is }^ that which ^iyeth leave to a man to be any thing, saving <^ a sound christian ? For certainly it is more free in these <^ days, to be a papist, anabaptist, of the family of love ; <^ yea, any most wicked one whatsoever, than that which we ^ should be. And I could live these twenty ^ears, any ^ such in England ; (yea in a bishop's house,' it may be) ^ and never be much molested for it. So true is that which << you are charged with, in a ^ Dialogue' lately come forth ^< against you, and since burned bv you, that you care for ^ nothing but the maintenance of your dignities, be it to ^^ the damnation of your own souls, and infinite millions <^ more."* His indictment said, <^ That he not having the fear of God before his eyes, but being stirred up by the . imii^ation of the devils did maliciously publish a scandalous and infamous libel against the queen's majesty, her crown and dignity ."f

, Mr. U(ml being brought to the bar, and his indictment read, humbly reouested their ^^ lordships to grant him to answer by counsel ;" which the jud^ peremptorily refused, •aying, ^< You cannot have it Therefore answer your indictment'' He then pleaded nU guillj/j and put himself iipon the trial of his country .{ In' opening the case, Mr. Daulton, the queen's counsel, made a long invective against the new discipline, as he was pleased to call it, which, he affirmed, was not to be found m the wonl of God. When he had done, Mr. Udal observed, that, as this was a contro- yersv among learned divines, he thought Mr. Daulton mi^bt have suspended his judjH^ent, especially as he himself had formerly snewed some likinff to the same cause. Upon which the judge said, << Sirnm ! sirrah ! answer to the

FoUer^t Cbvrch HU(. h. is. p. Sgl, 999.— 8(ryp€*i Wbitcifl, p. 941. t Stetc Trytdt, toI. 1. p. 147. t l^M.

UDAL. 16

Hmtter.^^^ ^' Mr. Daulton/- said he, '^ go on to prore tba points, in the indictment;" Tvhich were the following: ' 1. That Mr. Udal was the author of the book*

S. That he had a malicious intent in making it.

3. That the matters in the indictment -were felony by tbo statute of 23